CROWD SAFETY (STADIUMS)
Occupiers Liability Act (1957) is the fundamental act of spectator safety at sporting events. This act is that an occupier of a premises owes a common duty of care to their visitors. Occupier is in charge of premises. Visitor is some that is invited or permitted to be at the premises. Disabled visitors covered by the Disability Discrimination Act 1995.
Cunningham v Reading FC 1992- stadium crumbling. Lump of concrete thrown by fans, hit police man on the head. Was foreseeable because of poor stadia. Reading found liable for negligence.
Simms v Leigh RFC- rugby league player tackled but injured when he slid off pitch into concrete wall next to pitch. Club not liable because perimeter was regulated distance.
Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975- covers all stadiums and all sports. It protects all spectators.
Fire Safety and Safety of place of sport 1987- licenses from local authorities. Defines how many people in a stand. Because of Bradford fire (wooden stands) act made it so that stadia had to be made of fire proof material
Football Spectator Act 1989- is about banning orders. If person commits offence can be banned from sporting events for a certain period of time.
Sporting Events (Control of Alcohol) 1985- cannot be possession of alcohol at football matches or on a journey to match.
Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994- section 60 -Police Powers regarding Public order. 166A Ticket Touting--Ticket touting illegal- cannot sell tickets in public places
Football Offences Act 1991-only at football -cannot throw missiles or make racist or indecent chants JAN 28-2010- Craig Bellamy, attacked with bottles and coin. 2 men arrested for attack.
Public order act 1986- cover riots, violent disorder, affray, public disorder. Riots- 12 people involved. 2-11 people is classed as violent disorder. Affray is 1 people.
NEGLIGENCE (CONTACT SPORTS)
breach of duty of care that results in foreseeable harm to another....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document