Crowd Movement

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A STUDY OF THE CROWD MOVEMENT DURING INGRESS AND EGRESS OF THE STADIUM IN THE SPORT EVENT CASE STUDY:
NATIONAL TENNIS STADIUM, JALAN DUTA

Mohd Ridzuan Bin Mad Rosli
Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Asst. Prof. Dr. Syahriah Bachok
Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Asst. Prof. Dr. Mariana Mohamed Osman
Department of Urban and Regional Planning

ABSTRACT
This research deals with the study of crowd movement (walking speed) during ingress and egress of the stadium during sport event. The research has selected the socio economic background such as age and gender to determine the movement pattern of each pedestrian (individual crowd) during ingress and egress situation. The data have been collected through the experiment done to imitate the real situation of ingress and egress process during sport event. Descriptive and inferential analysis has been applied for the data analysis and synthesis part of this research. Based on the analysis, ii was proven that age and gender were the factors that influence the movement pattern for each pedestrian (individual crowd). Thus, the recommendation has been outline to solve the problem based from the literature review done and following the basis of result analyzed.

Keyword : crowd movement, crowd behaviour, crowd safety

INTRODUCTION
Basically, the focus of this research is to study the pedestrian (individual crowd) movement during ingress and egress of the stadium during sport event. In brief, the chapter 1 provides an introduction to the research. The earlier chapter explained the basic information about the research regarding the study of the crowd movement during ingress and egress of the stadium during sports event.

GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

Goal
The goal of the research is to determine the factor influence crowd movement during ingress and egress at the exterior space of the stadium during the major events.

Objectives
1. To identify the background of the spectator during sport event? 2. To analyze the movement of crowd during ingress and egress at the exterior space of the stadium 3.To recommend and propose the safety measure for the crowd management control to the respected authority

PROBLEM STATEMENT

In this research, the researcher had identified the major problems of the crowd movement at the exterior part of the stadium during ingress and egress of the event. 3 major problems have listed in the chapter which is first, Lacking of crowd safety planning in Malaysia. Second, crowd’s aggressive behavior. Third, crowd collision at sport event in the stadium and last, safety and convenience of the crowd.

There are 4 research question need to be addressed in this research. The question is focusing the pedestrian (individual crowd) movement during the ingress and egress process of the stadium during the sports event. The entire question is focusing on the characters of each pedestrian, the factors influencing crowd movement and to see the influential of age and gender towards the crowd movement pattern. The question also raised to highlight the recommendation that could be done in improving the safety of crowd at the stadium during sport event.

The significance of this research to the planning field is vital. This study aims to study the crowd movement (age and gender influencing walking speed) during ingress and egress in the major events. The research was planned to see the influential of age and gender correlation with the walking speed of each pedestrian (individual crowd).

Based from the recommendation of this study, the event organizer or the stakeholder of the venue can be helps by improving the existing safety measure. This research also will lead to the formulation of guideline for event organized in any big arena or stadium in Malaysia thus will helps in minimizing the risk of crowd collision or crowd riot in a big gathering crowds. The discussion of this study also will helps in the development of...
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