Crjs 105 Unit 1 Theories Crime Causation

Topics: Crime, Criminology, White-collar worker Pages: 6 (1858 words) Published: November 14, 2011
Criminology is the study of crime, criminals, criminal behavior, as well as corrections it inspects the response of crime from society and the prevention of crimes. What does Criminology include? Many do ask. Well it includes the examination of criminal evidence, psychological and hereditary causes of crime, numerous approaches of investigation of crime and conviction of offenders also the effectiveness of changing types of sentencing, correction and rehabilitation. A criminologist is really a social scientist their main focus is on criminology and they also specialize in researches, studies as well as analyzing social behaviors. Criminologists observe the normality of behaviors most common in society and deviations of these social normality’s. As well as the importance of recognizing that all societies have their own behavioral normality’s and deviations of those normality’s. Now that I have explained what criminology is and what criminologist studies are I will move on to criminalistics. (What is a Criminalist? 2011) Criminalistics is the forensic science that examines and interprets evidence while using natural science. Forensic science relates to all sciences applied to lawful issues. Criminalists examine and identify physical evidence found in order to rebuild the scene of the crime. Physical evidence is most often things such as weapons, parts of cloths, bloodstains, drugs, or sometimes the vapor in the air. They link the physical evidence between the suspect and the victim of the crime. Clothing and hair fibers transferred from a suspect to victim and vise-versa and can offer a link as well as fingerprints, bullets, and shoe or foot dints in the ground or in areas are that also very important links. Physical evidence is obtained from the crime scene and includes the body of the victim also the adjacent area of the crime. Criminalists also receive their evidence at the laboratory, which was gained from the crime scene by crime scene investigators. To properly obtain evidence is a must to stop contamination and destruction of the evidence. When the evidence is received at the crime lab, Criminalists begin their testing. Criminalists are very often called to court to demonstrate the expertise and methods of their findings. The important skills that an criminalists need in order to perform their duties adequately and systematically are the knowing how to find and identify information,and Finding ways to structure or classify many parts of information, reading comprehension, problem identification, science, critical thinking, chemistry, public safety and security, English language, inductive reasoning, oral expression and finally information gathering. (WHAT DOES A CRIMINALIST, FORENSIC SCIENCE TECHNICIAN DO? 2002) Forensic psychologist study psychology and the law, Psychologist maybe found working in the following places: prisons, jails, rehabilitation centers, police departments, law firms, schools, government agencies, or in private practice. These are just a few locations that psychologist may be found in this line of work. They can also work immediately with attorneys, defendants, offenders, victims, pupils, families, or with patients within the state's corrections or rehabilitation centers. Other psychologist that may be involved in forensic psychology that have the same study, could work in government agencies, colleges, universities and/ or other places that are interested in researching as well as inspecting the interaction of human behavior, criminology, and the legal system.(Marisa Mauro, Psy.D. June 2010) Now that we know the location where forensic psychologist may work and their place of study, we shall move on to discuss the degree they may have and also the descriptions of the jobs they hold. Psychologists that work in forensic psychology most frequently come from a large variety of work experiences, educations also trainings. Every psychologist has a doctorate degree in the field of psychology. A few...
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