The title of this article is straight forward and clear. It is effective in describing what the article is about in less than fifteen words. One criticism would be to include the word “Teen’s” at the beginning of the title. This would further explain what the article is about since it is the teen’s perception about risk for HIV/AIDS. Abstract
The abstract for this article is effective in its summarization. The vocabulary is engaging and draws the reader in, making them want to read the article. The abstract is successful in identifying the research question, describing the findings, and suggesting the implications for nursing practice. The authors do not specifically address the method of this study. Introduction
The introduction is adequate in length and provides background information to the reader that is beneficial. However, it does not flow with the title of the article. The article does flow with the abstract portion. The introduction does not hold the intensity that the abstract presents. In the first paragraph of the introduction, the writer explains the motivation and the need for this study. The writer is able to identify that risk is not a word that adolescents in juvenile detention recognize as a concern. In one area of the introduction, the writer gives the reader background information and statistics of incarcerated juveniles. With the article being published in 2001, the writer should have used more current statistics. One set of statistics was ranged from 1983-1995, a twelve year period.
The report does not provide a strong literary review of other studies that have been conducted in this area if any. It is based on statistics and what has not been done to assist adolescents to improve on identifying the risk of HIV/AIDS. It reports that there is a mixed success in discovering how to motivate teens with health promotion messages and programs. The article never fully explains what kind of health promotion was done and whether the information had a positive or negative impact on the adolescents.
In the final paragraph of the introduction, the reader is provided a generic view of what kind of research was being conducted. According to the article, there is a contrast between the medical and public health perspectives with adolescent participants. The introduction could have been enhanced if the writer would have specified the type of research it was conducting and length of time the research was being conducted. Method
The method portion of this article states participatory research was blended with focus groups and individual interviews for the study. The sample of 42 adolescents is divided evenly among gender. The percentage of individuals of each race represented is not as evenly distributed. The participants of Latin descent make up almost half of the sample and the other half consists of a mix of African Americans, Asian Americans and European Americans. The researchers do not disclose any information related to the participants illegal behaviors, law violations or arrest histories to protect their privacy. The detained sample population has a range of offenses from minor violations to violent crime. The article does not specify the location in which the research study was conducted (Anderson, Nyamathi, McAvoy, Conde, and Casey, 2001). The researchers received approval for the study from the judge, the...