Critically Evaluate the Contribution of the Medical Model and at Least One Psychological/Social Model to Our Understanding of the Aetiology of Mental Ill Health

Topics: Psychology, Schizophrenia, Major depressive disorder Pages: 2 (422 words) Published: December 7, 2009
Critically evaluate the contribution of the medical model and at least one psychological/social model to our understanding of the aetiology of mental ill health

(aetiology - The study of the causes. For example, of a disorder) http://www.tes.co.uk/article.aspx?storycode=6000385 (SAVE THIS WEBSITE SOMEHWERE, VERY GOODD AND IMPORTANT) Assessment criteria

Evidence of analytical, evaluative and creative thinking
Evidence of extensive background reading
Evidence of a sound theoretical understanding of the literature reviewed Correct citation and critical use of relevant theory and empirical evidence to support discussion. Awareness of ethical considerations

Must demonstrate an underlying psychological component
Standard of English, essay structure, accuracy and completeness of references Clear and overall presentation
(2000 words)

Medical Model
Similar to physical illness.
Genetics/ hormonal imbalances
Viewed as physical illness therefore treated by physical means e.g. drug therapy , ECT electro convulsive therapy, psychosurgery etc. Caused by chemicals- neurotransmitters e.g. Dopamine and Noradrenaline .

, Psychological Models
The Psychoanalytical/Psychodynamic Model,
Freud (1856-1939). Treatment may be by Psychoanalysis.
The Behavioural Model, Watson (1878-1958), Skinner (1904-90) . Classical & operant conditioning & modelling. Watson & Raynor (1920) & Albert. Treatment may be by Applied Behaviour Analysis. The Cognitive Model, one in four clinical psychologists adopt this approach, Prochaska & Norcross, 2003. Associated with (CBT). The Humanist-Existential Approach- associated with client centred therapy, empathy & unconditional positive regard. Rodgers (1951)- ‘Client Centred Therapy’. Thomas Szasz- Social model (1961, 1971)

Illnesses
Anxiety Disorders e.g. Phobia

Eating Disorders e.g. Anorexia Nervosa
Aetiology of Eating Disorders
No single factor responsible.
Range of Psychological, Sociological and...
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