Critically Evaluate the Classical and Human Relations Approaches of Management Theory

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Critically evaluate the classical and human relations approaches of management theory. Your essay must clearly define the term “management theory” and include industry examples to illustrate your answers.

In order to define the term management theory and to critically evaluate classical and human approaches it is also important to discuss what shaped the thinking of management theory development.

In seeking to define management one must also define the word theory. Theory is defined in the Concise Oxford Dictionary, 9th edition, edited by Della Thompson as" a supposition or system of ideas explaining something". On the other hand, Management definition is deemed to be broader in terms of its application. Several and well established authors such as Lurrie J. Mullins, Ernest Dale, Gerald A Cole, all echoed the view that there is no generally accepted definition of management considering the various theoretical approaches on which management germinated.

For example Henri Fayol (1961) cited in (Gerald A Cole, Management theory and Practice) defined management as to manage is to for cast and plan, to organize, to command, to coordinate and to control. Another definition by Terry and Rue cited in (Ernest Dale, Management: Theory and Practice, 6th edition, saw management as a process or form of work that involves guidance and direction of a group of people toward organizational goals or objectives. Furthermore Naylor cited in (L .J. Mullins, Management and Organizational behavior, 7th edition) defines management as the process of achieving organizational objectives, within a changing environment, by balancing efficiency, effectiveness and equity, obtaining the most from limited resources, and working with and through people.

In respect of the above definitions, management theory is about applying ideas in order to get things done through people, utilizing the processes as mentioned above to effect changes in individual behavior and that of the...
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