CRITICALLY DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS IN THE LAW-MAKING PROCESS OF CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL LAW.
Traditionally, Public international law has been defined to be solely about States. States have been considered to be the only subjects of international law and the only entities that can make, develop and enforce international law. Other bodies that are affected by international law have been determined to be only objects of international law. In the past few decades, this traditional view has been challenged. The development of international organisations such as the leading global international organization, United Nations, with their own international legal personality, has been important. There are ranges of international organisations that have developed considerably in their roles in the international legal community, such as international corporations, the World Bank (International bank for reconstruction and development), the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Together with States, these international organisations play an enormous role in international law-making, law–adjudication and law-enforcement processes of international law. This essay will examine the importance of international organisations in the law-making process of contemporary international law. “International organisations means an organisation established by treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal personality.” International organisations may include as members, in addition to states, other entities. In general, international organisation stands for membership group that operates across national borders for specific purposes. The idea of international organisation reflects the cooperative arrangement instituted among states, usually by a basic agreement, to perform some mutually advantageous functions implemented through periodic meetings and staff activities. The Penguin Dictionary of International...
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