Critical View on Pablo Neruda's Poetry

Topics: Literary criticism, Environment, Literary theory Pages: 13 (4165 words) Published: June 4, 2013
Global Research Methodology Journal, V0l-II, 8th issue, Feb-Mar-Apr, 2013

www.grmgrlaranya.com

ISSN 2249- 300X

Ecocriticism
M.R. Mazumdar Head, dept.of English Bilasipara College, Bilasipara, Assam

No white nor red was ever seen So amorous as this lovely green Andrew Marvell, “The Garden”, II, 17-18 Colourless green ideas sleep furiously, Noam Chomsky, Syntactice Structures, The Hague/Paris; Mouton, 1957, P.15 Abstract: Environmental or ecological studies first stated with literature, scientific studies came at a later date. But environmentalism has been very slow to develop a school of criticism in the academic humanities. The tradition of eco-criticism came to be formally inaugurated in the meeting of the Western Literature Association in 1980. Some prominent literary critics grew sick of the postmodernist theoretical preoccupation with ‘social constructiveness’ and ‘linguistic determinism’. Michal J. MCDowell voices the concern of many ecocritics when he says that postmodernist critical theory has ‘become so caught up in analyses of language that the physical world, if not denied outright, is ignored’. They, therefore, sought an escape from the ‘esoteric abstractness that afflicts current theorizing about literature’ by recognizing nature/environment as an ‘objective, material and vulnerable reality’ (R. Kerridge; 531) rather than as a mere cultural and ideological construct. The future of the ecosphere is endangered. It is a time and context that demand praxis, not mere theory. The present paper is an attempt to discuss, analyse and examine some of the major issues, concerns, assumptions and procedures underlying the theory of ecocriticism. The Second section of the paper briefly highlights India’s response to this new theory of reading and ends with an example of ecocritical reading.

Introduction: The late 1980s and the early 1990s witnessed the emergence in the U.S.A. and the U.K. respectively of a new theory of literary and cultural criticism which broke away with the ‘social constructiveness’ and ‘linguistic determinism’ of dominant literary theories proposing to study the relationship between literature and physical environment locating reading’ within an activist framework. This theory, which has come to be called ‘Ecocriticism’ (in USA) or 1 Published by Aranya Suraksha Samiti- Assam & BCLSC; Inaugurated on 19th June, 2011 at Guwahati Press Club by Dr. Amarjyoti Choudhury, ExV.C. of Gauhati University, Assam, India. Chief Adviser: Dr. Prasanta K. Kalita, Dean, Soil & Water Resources Engineering University of Illinois, at Urbana-Champaign, USA. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Chief Editor: Dr. Hari Charan Das Email: grmjournaleditor@sify.com

Global Research Methodology Journal, V0l-II, 8th issue, Feb-Mar-Apr, 2013

www.grmgrlaranya.com

ISSN 2249- 300X

‘Green studies’ (in U.K.), reads literary and cultural texts from the environmentalist viewpoint to make some difference to the world outside the literary academy. (Kerridge : 531) Environmentalism is not something new. It is old, as old as civilization itself. All major religions, ancient texts such as the Ramanaya and the Mahabharata, literatures and tribal traditions reveal their respective environmental vision. But environmentalism as a selfconscious social /public movement emerged in the second half of the twentieth century with the publications of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring (1962), Raymond Williams’s The Country and the City (1973) and Annette Kolodny’s The Lay of the Land (1975). This came as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and its concomitants like capitalism, unbarnization, pollution, contamination, ecological imperialism, bio-gas disasters, etc. One early form of environmentalism triggered off by this revolution was the back-to-land movement inspired and fed by Wordsworth, John Ruskin, William Morris, and later on by Thomas...
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