Roberto J Diaz
University of Phoenix
PHL 458 Creative Minds and Critical Thinking
Prof. Carlos Lago
March 10, 2009
Critical Thinking and Society Exercise
How have critical thinking skills in humans evolved over time? - Since evolution is a process which takes millions of years, The human fossil record reveals that our ancestors were capable of using stones as tools. An ape-like human ancestor living a million years ago was custom manufacturing a variety of stone tools and using fire. Early humans used even more sophisticated tools such as spears and arrows. These "stone age" people are depicted as "cavemen" but this belies the fact their culture was fairly sophisticated. The proof is the last stone age culture encountered in modern times - Native American "Indians". Many meso-american cities were far larger than european cities during the middle ages. Looking at modern euro-american culture, it is seen the only real difference is technology based on metal instead of stone. All the social institutions are still present, reguardless of the particular style of political system behavior in use. Humans probably have not evolved mentally since they evolved as a separate species. In a sence, it is our technology which is evolving. How have the principles of logic helped shape modern science and technology? - Logical thinking provided a method by which scientific thought could evolve. The general assumption allowed a statement - the presence of (whatever) is always accompanied by (Something else). (Whatever) is present, therefore (Something else) is also present. The ability to move from the solid ground of a known fact to assuming the possibility of another fact allowed a test for the second fact, and allowed thought to outpace knowledge, so that people thought impossible things and found ways to obtain them. How does a critical analysis of one’s society and self contribute to a particular internal and/or...