Critical Thinking Test
1. Why bother with critical thinking. - Three reasons; 1-Avoid being led into error. 2- Develop skills to improve our own skill of persuasion. 3-The pursuit of truth. 2. What is a conjunction fallacy? - Assuming only one of any given answers must be correct. 3. What is the purpose of an argument (2 points.) 1-To provide others with reasons for your belief. 2-To allow others to evaluate your reasons, and to allow them to accept or reject your claims. 4. Philosophers are concerned with the Why and: - The What.
5. Critical Reasoning involves the study: - Of arguments.
6. Which of the following is a statement: 'Who is the Tallest? The door is open, Open the door!' 7. An argument is a set of what, linked to what. - Statements to Conclusion. 8. An argument attempts to demonstrate or prove the truth of a claim. 9. The conclusion of an argument is not simply an assertion, instead: you must offer proof. 10. What is the major difference between statement and arguments. Statements are asserted, whereas Arguments offer proof. 11. To reject the truth of a statement is to Deny it, to argue against it is to Refute it. 12. We infer the conclusion, to imply is a serious mistake.
13. What is a Conditional statement, give an example. - If/then. 14. What are the two terms used to describe the two parts of a conditional statement. Antecedent and Consequent, and which is which? 15. When an argument is formalised, how do we signal the conclusion; A straight line called an inference bar. 16. If All means all, then what does 'some' mean? One or more than one. 17. Explain what a Hidden or Implicit Premise means?
18. Why is it important to highlight hidden premises? To safeguard against objectionable premises, and to allow for an argument to be fully evaluated. 19. If spotting the conclusion, and identifying the premises are two of the points needed to evaluate an argument, then what is the third. To recognise the form of the argument. 20. Where can a...
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