Critical Thinking and Example

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Jennifer Gleason
AIU
PHIL201-1203A-08 Introduction to Philosophy
Sunday, June 24, 2012

Logical fallacies

My whole paper will be over the logical fallacies and the examples I had made for each one. Now this all have to do with some kind of philosophy terms and what they truly mean but in my own words and examples. 1. Mere Assertion- Mere Assertion is when someone doesn’t want to give up an argument even known they can’t prove their right with no evidence. * Example: My daughter says she is right when she said she saw a movie last night, but she has no movie ticket to prove herself innocent.

2. Circular Reasoning- The Circular Reasoning is when every argument comes out the truth or considers the same evidence. * Example: Saying that Stephen King suppose wrote his books, which is true because he did. But can you really prove he wrote it or come up with the words.

3. Ad Hominem- Ad Hominem is when someone else is talking ill about someone else when it doesn’t have to do with the argument. * Example: Ad Hominem is like when my oldest son gets into trouble but instead of taking his punishment like he should, he starts talking ill about one of his other siblings to get out of it.

4. Red Herring- Red Herring is when someone tries to distract the other person or tries to change the subject to get out of the argument. * Example: I am always changing the subject to get out of an argument with my husband, because I am wrong and I don’t want to admit it.

5. Pseudo – Question- Pseudo Question is where nobody can’t answer, because the question their trying to answer isn’t answerable. There’s no possible way to answer the question. * Example: When I had a question to ask my professor about if God is true, he couldn’t answer because no one can really answer if you weren’t there. Only truth is the Bible but you can’t really have answered if you don’t know the truth.

6. False Cause- False cause is when someone believes...
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