Critical Thinking

Topics: Reasoning, Logic, Critical thinking Pages: 2 (978 words) Published: October 8, 2014
CRITICAL THINKING

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WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?


Critical thinking is a higher order of thinking: it is the practice of using a number of different advanced thinking skills in a variety of complex ways.



Critical thinking focuses on thought: it looks at how facts are proven, arguments are formed, conclusions are reached, not just what the facts, argument or conclusion may be.



Critical thinking is self-reflexive: it involves reflecting on, questioning and testing your own thinking processes.



Critical thinking is discipline-specific: it engages in particular forms of reasoning, such as mathematical reasoning, historical analysis or literary interpretation, which are specific to a particular discipline.

HOW IS CRITICAL THINKING DIFFERENT FROM THINKING?
THINKING
On information: data, facts, examples
On ideas: opinions, positions

CRITICAL THINKING
On ideas: assumptions, biases, flaws in reasoning, point
of view, context, implications

ACTIVITY

Organizing and making connections
between pieces of information or ideas,
sometimes making basic inferences

GOAL

To form an opinion about what you are
thinking about

Deeply and broadly questioning and testing the ways in
which an idea is formed as well as how you have been
interpreting and examining the idea. Thinking about your
own thinking while you are thinking about the thinking of
others.
To apply criteria in forming a conclusion or evaluation
about what you have been thinking about and how you
have been thinking about it.

FOCUS

WHAT IS GOOD CRITICAL THINKING?
Good critical thinking meets the criteria of these intellectual values: 





Clarity
Accuracy
Precision
Consistency
Relevance







Sound Evidence
Good Reasons
Depth
Breadth
Fairness

HOW DO WE THINK CRITICALLY?
1. We Begin With the Right Approach
Reason: We base our thinking in logic, not...
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