Critical Thinking

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PCR0025

CRITICAL THINKING

26 SEPTEMBER 2012

SECTION A: MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS [80 MARKS] 1. Susan is about to make a business deal with a Japanese organization, and she thinks that the business deal will be successful because all Japanese are hardworking. Which critical thinking hindrance does this issue exhibit? A. Stereotype B. Egocentrism C. Herd instinct D. Wishful thinking 2. In a 1989 international study of 13-year-olds, Koreans finished first in Mathematics and Americans finished last. Yet when asked whether they thought they were "good at mathematics," only 23 percent of Koreans said "yes," compared to 68 percent of Americans. Which critical thinking hindrance does this situation exhibit? A. Egocentrism B. Stereotype C. Herd instinct D. Wishful thinking 3. Which one is not the critical thinking standard? I. Fairness II. Firmness III. Completeness IV. Logical correctness A. B. C. D. I II I, II, III I, II, III, IV

4. Critical thinking is NOT __________. I. negative II. fault finding III. exercising observation IV. involving skilled judgment A. B. C. D. I I, II I, II, III I, II, III, IV Continued… MM/HR/SRS

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PCR0025

CRITICAL THINKING

26 SEPTEMBER 2012

5. These are goals of critical thinking EXCEPT__________. A. to use our mind to the fullest B. to be able to manipulate situation C. to teach student on how to reason well D. to teach students to cope with the demands of life 6. Clarity means __________. A. critical thinkers must refer to the dictionary B. critical thinkers must have good command of English C. critical thinkers must have good command of at least three languages D. critical thinkers strive for clarity of language as well as clarity of thought 7. The tendency to overrate oneself by seeing oneself as being better than one actually is can be best described as __________. A. self-serving bias B. self-interested thinking C. self-monitoring thinking D. self-services monitoring 8. “I prefer homework where the lecturer says exactly what to do and exactly how to do it”. This reflects to _________ critical thinking disposition. A. weak B. strong C. irrelevant D. relevant 9. Critical thinkers are _________. A. afraid of ideas that challenge their basic beliefs B. often relatively indifferent to truth and lack of curiosity C. sensitive to comments and critics from significant others and take it personally D. sensitive to ways in which critical thinking can be skewed by any hindrances and other impediments 10. Uncritical thinkers are __________. A. passionate to look for clarity B. sensitive by egocentrism, sociocentrism, and wishful thinking C. pretending that they know more than they do and ignore their limitation D. skillful at understanding, analyzing, and evaluating arguments and viewpoint Continued… 2/17

MM/HR/SRS

PCR0025

CRITICAL THINKING

26 SEPTEMBER 2012

11. Wishful thinking occurs when a person believes that something is __________, not because they have good reasons for the belief, but because they __________it were true. A. true; wish B. false; wish C. true; deny D. good; deny 12. __________ is the tendency to think more highly of one's nation, race, school, family, or other social group than is warranted by the evidence. A. Group bias B. Herd instinct C. Mammal instinct D. Self-serving bias 13. “Authority/ group often move us. We are impressed, influenced and intimidated by them, so much so that under certain conditions we abandon our own values, belief, judgment, even doubts our own sensory experience!” This quote best describes __________. A. herd instinct B. human instinct C. mammal Instinct D. None of the above 14. “All men are aggressive.” This is __________. A. stereotype B. wishful thinking C. conformism syndrome D. warranted assumption 15. In order to ensure that the subjects of the experiment do not bias the results by knowing which group is receiving the real stuff and which isn’t, as well as the scientists do not bias the results by treating one...
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