Critical Thinking

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9/1/2012
PHI 210- Critical Thinking
Professor Magfirah Dahlan-Taylor
1.On a separate sheet (not part of the paper), identify the premises and conclusion of each of the arguments in your paper. Most papers will have one overriding argument and then several smaller arguments which ―prove the truth of the premises you are making in the larger argument. Premise: All citizens should be required to vote. The way that I can prove the truth of the premise that I am making in the larger argument is by making sure all of my information is valid, so that my premise and conclusion are valid. 2. Look at each of the arguments you have located in your paper. Carefully study them to see if there are any informal fallacies. If there are any fallacies, note the name of the fallacy beneath your identified arguments. Explain why each is a fallacy. All citizens should be required to vote to better our country and our economy. The reason why our country seems to be in shambles is because people could care less about voting. Yes, I have located some informal fallacies in my paper such as: One-Sidedness because in my paper I was ignoring or down plays the evidence against all citizens being required to vote. This also could lead to a black or white fallacy because black-or-white thinking doesn't allow for the many different variables, conditions, and contexts in which there would exist more than just the two possibilities put forth. It frames the argument misleadingly and obscures rational, honest debate. 3. Carefully examine each of your arguments again. Even if there isn‘t an informal fallacy present, is each of the individual arguments valid? Do the premises provide enough evidence to support the conclusion? If you are not sure, try rewriting each argument as categorical syllogism and then test for validity. Under each argument, identify whether it is valid or invalid. Voting is important because you will have a voice in what your government does. Young citizens...
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