Assignment Name: Final Essay Questions
Student Name: Michelle Kauffman
Date you submit your work: May 4, 2012
The Assignment: In essay form, address the following questions:
1. What is critical thinking? First the word critical comes from two Greek roots, Kriticos which means discerning judgment and the other Greek root is kriterion which means standards. The text book from this class has described Critical Thinking as, “explicit thinking aimed at well-founded judgment, utilizing appropriate evaluation standards in an attempt to determine true worth, merit, or value of something.” The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking calls Critical thinking the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness. I define Critical Thinking as the ability to analyze situations with a neutral balance in reality. It is vital to look at the issue that we are sitting in judgment regarding in analysis, with our feet firmly planted on the ground with realistic concepts. Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2006). Critical thinking learn the tools the best thinkers use. (p. XIX). Upper Saddle River, NJ & Columbus, Ohio: Pearson Prentice Hall http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/410
2. Where did the concept of "critical thinking" originate? The concept of critical thinking originated by Socrates the Greek philosopher more than 2500 years ago. He discovered this by a...