Critical Theory

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Critical theory is about communication, the core concepts in relation to organizational structure, attempt to improve organizational settings by leveling the domineering forces of upper management and owners to level to workers and improve the work environment for better production. Critical theorists attempt to educate about the ways in which organizational structures become so unjust. They are interested in the exercise of power in all forms and at all levels, and the way in which power manifests itself completely.

Critical theorists help us understand that certain patterns of behavior develop within organized settings. These ideologies create deep structures within organizations leading to a confusion of what is moral, acceptable or normal. Four different functions of ideology help us understand critical theory in the organizational setting, the first is that the representation of sectional interests as universal. Thus meaning that the management of a particular group controls what important interests are dealt with, the management deems these actions to be in the best interest of everyone, even if this is not the case (Modaff, Butler, and DeWine, 116). The second function is that there is a denial or transmutation of contradictions, meaning that some members of the organization give up their right to vote, meaning that only a group of a few people determine decisions that affect everyone (Modaff, Butler, and DeWine, 116). The third function is the naturalization of the present through reification, meaning that reality ceases to exist. In other words, certain socially constructed groups, such as an all male management team, or a management team of individuals all over forty become objective or unchangeable. This socially unchangeable rule benefits those decision makers located at the top of the hierarchy (Modaff, Butler, and DeWine, 116). Finally, the fourth function is ideology as a means of control, meaning that the workers are working to...
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