Tourism Theories Practices
Assessment One: Critical Review
Due Date: 10th July 2013
There are many diverse natures of tourism, and each one has a different target audience. The following critical review, critiques the similarities and differences of three academic journal articles from “ The Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Management” (2010). The selected articles discuss education through tourism, factors that motivate towards it, and the career opportunities within tourism for future generations. The article’ ‘Location, Location, Location’ — The Relative Importance of Country, Institution and Program’ (Ruhanen & McLennan, 2010) presents the idea of the how location of an institute may contribute positively towards tourism education. The article ‘Tourism and Hospitality Students’ Perceptions of a Career in the Industry’ (Richardson. S, 2010) explores the differences between Australian domestic and international students studying tourism in Australia and the likelihood of them joining the industry upon graduation. The article ‘Generation Y’s Career Expectations and Aspirations’ (Maxwell & Ogden, 2010) states that generation Y’s early experiences in the industry act to discourage them from pursuing careers in the tourism hospitality sector. All three articles are to be discussed followed by cross-relations through the articles.
The article by Ruhanen & McLennan (2010) assesses the relative significance of locations of the educational institutions and the programs focus/detail as a positive factor for undertaking postgraduate studies in tourism. This article is focused on education through tourism; meaning travelling to country or state to enrol in studies. Ruhanen & McLennan (2010) argued that postgraduate students are extremely choosy, far more so than undergraduate students, when choosing a university and schedule of study. Whereas usually self satisfaction was once a key motivator for undertaking a higher level degree, current students are now more motivated by qualified and monetary improvement and possibly have more clear individual career pathways than for example undergraduate students (Ruhanen & McLennan, 2010). Students took out this study from the School of Tourism in the University of Queensland, Australia. The arguments proposed in this article are supported by the use of reliable sources, including the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Respectively the article ‘Tourism and Hospitality Students’ Perceptions of a Career in the Industry’ (Richardson. S, 2010) discusses the topic of education within tourism and hospitality and the recent changes with the decrease in the amount of skilled employees in the industry, which is caused by low level of pay. This article also involves a study undertaken by the author to compare Domestic (Australian) students to the International students enrolled in tourism & hospitality programs and to highlight the current trends within factors that motivate/influence these two groups to join or avoid the industry. Some methods of research used to provide information for this study included; a survey in which 379 people completed and the quantitative study by Scott Richardson from Taylor’s University College in Malaysia. (Richardson. S, 2010). The survey completed therefore supports the author’s argument and reinforces the reliability of the article as there is data provided. Surveys produce quantitative descriptions of some aspects of the studied population, where the analysis is primarily concerned either with relationships between variables or with projecting findings descriptively to a predefined population (Glock, 1967). The article ‘Generation Y’s Career Expectations and Aspirations’ (Maxwell & Ogden, 2010) similarly discusses the idea of tourism and hospitality education, although this article focuses on one specific group of people; Generation Y which are the people born between 1977-1994 which generated large numbers in the workplace and...