Critical Lens

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Different people relate to the world from their own individual perspective. J.W. von Goethe once stated that “No two persons regard the world in exactly the same way.” The quote suggests that people experience different events in life, which separates their way of thinking from others. Von Goethe’s words are proven true in The Crucible by Arthur Miller, and Sold by Zana Muhsen. These authors use the literary elements of conflict and characterization to show the distinctive mindsets of the characters in their books. In both works of literature, the characters face conflicts that they handle discordantly due to their diverse thoughts and beliefs. In The Crucible, the residents in the town of Salem had gone mad with accusations of witchcraft. Everyone and anyone were accused of practicing witchcraft. Miller uses the literary element of conflict to show how distinctively each character reacted or felt about the hysteria they were going through. While everyone fell gullible to every accusation thrown to the court, John Proctor, a farmer in Salem, wasn’t easily convinced. Proctor knew that the accusations given by Abigail and her group of friends were false because he personally knew Abigail, and he was aware of how vindictive she could be. This is what caused him to hold on to his sense of reasoning while everyone else went mad with the delirium of witchcraft. While trying to prove to the court that Abigail and the girls were fibbing, Proctor was accused by one of the girls, Mary Warren, of being a witch. Proctor was given the same ultimatum as every other accused which was to either confess or die. Proctor, being a man of pride refused to admit to something he did not do just to spare his life. However other characters who were earlier accused such as Tituba and Sarah Good were quick to admit to the witchcraft although they didn’t do it. They were so fearful of death; they thought the correct thing to do would be to lie to escape a hanging. Whereas Proctor would...
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