Critical & Creative Thinking

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Justin Flatau
PSYC110
Professor Kirk
19 November 2012
Critical and Creative Thinking

2. What are some examples of ways in which observational learning has benefited you in your life? Are there instances in which observational learning has worked to your disadvantage? Observational Learning for me became and still is very beneficial for example when I was 17 and received a job in retail. However at that time I have never worked in retail before and because of that I had no experience. On my first day I observe an experienced salesperson that I was supposed to train under. This allowed me to gain knowledge I need to sell and pick up good behaviors of an effective salesperson. I personal have not had any instances in which observational learning has worked to my disadvantage yet. That is as long as what I’m observing is the proper way to learn so I can execute whatever task is given for me to perform.

5. As an eyewitness to a crime, how could you use information in this chapter to improve your memory for specific details? If you were a juror, what would you say to the other jurors about the reliability of eyewitness testimony? If I were an eyewitness to a crime, I would need to list what I remember happened, review it for accuracy, make visual aids, and even rehearse before stating the facts, for example I would try to remember if I can recognize the person’s voice, or if I saw something distinguishing like a beard, tattoo, etc. Luckily I have never been in the seat of the juror, but I would review the facts carefully before making a decision, perhaps investigate thoroughly, and gather as much evidence as possible. The witness isn’t always correct, and it is not correct to guilt an innocent person.

1. During problem solving, do you use primarily algorithms or heuristics? What are the advantages of each? Both have advantages and are useful for different situations and each relies on different type of knowing. Objective knowing, which uses systems and...
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