Critical analysis of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders The International Classification of Diseases (ICD 10) published by the World health organisation and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) published by the American Psychiatric Association are the most widely used classifications of mental disorders throughout the world. These classification systems were created to provide a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders thus allowing for better and more accurate communication between mental health workers. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is used mostly in the United States of America and in varying degrees around the world, by clinicians, as well as researchers, psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, and policy makers. There have been five revisions since it was first published in 1952, and it has been gradually increased in capacity to include more mental disorders. The DSM evolved from systems for collecting census, psychiatric hospital statistics, and from a manual developed by the US Army. This was revised a number of times, the last of which was carried out in the year 1994 during which the fourth edition (DSM-IV) was published in. A „text revision‟ was produced again in 2000. The preparation of the fifth edition (DSM-5) is currently in progress, and is due for publication in May 2013. The DSM like all systems of classification has attracted praise as well as controversy and criticism. Some critics argue that the DSM represents an unscientific system that shows only the opinions of a few powerful psychiatrists. William Glasser refers to the DSM as "phony diagnostic categories", arguing that "it was developed to help psychiatrists – to help them make money". The DSM is most often criticized concerning the validity and reliability of its diagnoses. This refers to whether the disorders...
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