Critical Analysis of Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio and Marcelo Del Pilar

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  • Topic: Philippines, Katipunan, Philippine Revolution
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  • Published : March 4, 2011
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Critical Analysis
1. Introduction/Background
MARCELO H. DEL PILAR (full name: Marcelo Hilario del Pilar y Gatmaitan)

Marcelo H. del Pilar was born on August 30, 1850 in the barrio of Kupang, Bulakan. His parents are Julian Hilario del Pilar and Blasa Gatmaitan. Marcelo is a lover of arts that he took and finished his Bachelor of Arts degree in Colegio de San Jose. In 1881, he obtained his law degree in the University of Santo Tomas. Previously, he had disputes over some of the friars because of his nationalistic and liberal ideas that were against the abusive nature of the friars. Del Pilar often stages movements for the overthrow of the friars in the Philippines. In 1882, he founded the nationalistic newspaper Diariong Tagalog. Moreover, Del Pilar sailed to Spain due to the tensions arising between him and the corporation of the friars. While in Spain, he succeeded Lopez-Jaena as the editor-in-chief of the La Solidaridad. Shortly, Del Pilar died in Barcelona on July 4, 1896 - just around one month before the Cry of Pugad Lawin, signaling the start of an armed revolution.

ANDRES BONIFACIO (full name: Gat Andres Bonifacio y de Castro)

Andres Bonifacio was born in Ilaya, Tondo, Manila and was the oldest child of Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro. His early education started in Tondo but was forced to drop out because of his parents’ death and that he had to work for his siblings. Despite not finishing formal education, Bonifacio was self-educated. Andres Bonifacio became a passionate Filipino nationalist and when Jose Rizal had established the La Liga Filipina, Andres Bonifacio was a member. When Jose Rizal was deported to Dapitan, he immediately organized the KKK or the “Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga anak ng bayan”. In Pugad Lawin, Caloocan, Andres Bonifacio together with the thousands of Katipuneros assembled and tore their cedulas. Andres Bonifacio had formed an assembly in Tejeros, Cavite to establish the Republic of the...
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