Critical Analysis of Contempory Issues in Drug Addiction

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Critical Analysis of Contempory issues in drug addiction
Armin Smith
For my final project I will discuss 3 Critical Analysis of Contemporary Issues in Substance abuse Armin Smith
Topics of Discussion
This learner has chosen the following contemporary issues Biological ,Social and Cognitive perspectives of Substance abuse to talk about Topic One

combined the biological perspective of drug and alcohol abuse, particularly because alcohol is equally as harmful to individuals as, for example, the drug cocaine. The assessment comes from first-hand experience as case manager working with individuals in a drug rehabilitation program.

disorders (Robins et al, 1984). Approximately 30% of American men and 8% of American women have experienced serious problems with these drugs Supporting information and examples
. Alcohol challenge with sons of alcoholics: A critical review and analysis.Full Text Available  Newlin, David B.; Thomson, James B.; Psychological Bulletin, Vol 108(3), Nov, 1990. pp. 383-402. Some gender differences in alcohol and polysubstance users.Full Text Available  Lex, Barbara W.; Health Psychology, Vol 10(2), 1991. Special issue: Gender and health. pp. 121-132

The Biological perspective of drug and Alcohol Abuse runs deep in a lot of life's as drug addiction becomes more and more common today. There are many who are being born with drug addiction by what we call psychobiological markers which is being found in many addicts.

A psychobiological marker is a characteristic that may be measured using psychological or biological means, other than symptoms of the disease itself that identifies those individuals in the population who are most likely to develop a specific disorder. In the case of alcoholism, it is a characteristic that can be measured in children or adolescents (before the development of the disorder) that can significantly predict the likelihood of alcoholism in adulthood. In other words, individuals who manifest this characteristic are more likely to develop alcoholism..

The newest National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) cross-sectional Household Survey was conducted in 1988 (NIDA,
1989). Tables 1 through 7 display findings by drug, gender,
and age. With regard to alcohol, a majority of all American
women (63.3%) reported using alcohol during the previous
year (vs. 73.3% for men) and slightly less than half (46.7%) during the previous month (vs. 60.6% for men). In the
younger age groups (18 to 34), reported rates for lifetime use were 93.5% for men and 90.0% for women, and roughly 15%
of women and 39% of men reported using alcohol at least
once per week.
The majority (61.7%) of all young adults (18- to 34-yearolds) recalled use of some illicit drug in their lifetimes, and
reported rates were 64.4% and 60.0% for men and women,
respectively. Men were likelier to continue use, because 10% more 18- to 34-year-old men than women had used an illicit
drug within the previous year and 7.3% within the previous
month. About 60% of 18- to 34-year-old men and women had
ever used an illicit drug, in contrast to only 25% of 12- to 17-year-old boys and girls. Overall, cocaine use has declined since the 1985 Household Survey (NIDA, 1987), but more
than 20% of 18- to 34-year-old men and women reported
having used cocaine at least once. Experimentation with
cocaine was highest among 18- to 25-year-olds

Topic Two
Cognitive perspective and patients with drug abuse.
Rapid cognitive screening of patients with substance use disorders.Full Text Available  Copersino, Marc L.; Fals-Stewart, William; Fitzmaurice, Garrett; Schretlen, David J.; Sokoloff, Jody; Weiss, Roger D.; Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol 17(5), Oct, 2009. pp. 337-344

Alcohol and cognitive control: Implications for regulation of behavior during response conflict.Full Text Available  Curtin, John J.; Fairchild, Bradley A.; Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol 112(3), Aug, 2003. pp....
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