Criminology Victimization

Topics: Criminology, Victimology, Crime Pages: 3 (1072 words) Published: February 22, 2012
“Crime is a violation of societal rules of behavior as interpreted and expressed by a criminal legal code created by people holding social and political power. Individuals who violate these rules are subject to sanctions by state authority, social stigma, and loss of status.” (Siegel, pg 18) As a society we are subjected to people who will victimize and those who will be victimized. Criminologists have studied for many years on why this happens and what can be done to lower these rates of crime. They have defined some theories that are helping us to better understand why these crimes happen to certain people and why these particular crimes continue to happen.

One theory is that people often put themselves in a position where they are “asking” to be victimized. One would elaborate by giving an example as such a woman dressed risqué, or a man who is involved in an activist group. This is known as victim precipitation theory. Under this theory there are two categories. There can be active precipitation or passive precipitation. Active precipitation crimes occur when the victim starts the initiation, such as previously stated when a women dresses risqué, or if you start a fight and/ or threaten someone. These actions can possibly lead to further confrontations that will most likely end badly. In passive precipitation, a person who becomes victimized is often one who does not throw themselves willingly into a situation that could potentially go in a bad direction. They often are people in the work place or school setting who get an upper hand or are promoted. Many times this will encourage the attacker to strike or cause harm. As previously stated sometimes the victim will be involved in a group that or has a presence that threatens the attackers reputation, status, or economic well-being.

Another theory is the Lifestyle theory. This is when a person chooses to live in a lifestyle that exposes them to a higher potential crime scene. An example would be someone...
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