Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation

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Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation
CJA 394

Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation
The criminal justice system is an essential aspect of American society as well as the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The purpose of laws is to protect society from harm, ensure everyone’s safety, and equally treated. The criminal justice system works to protect the innocent and punish the guilty without violating the rights the criminal suspect to avoid any injustices. As society evolves the criminal justice system needs to evolve so it is important to create new laws to keep up with the evolution and new trends. As new trends and contemporary issues develop in society, they can have a direct impact on the different functions of the criminal justice system, such as technology, sentencing policies, and capital punishment, which have tremendous effects the criminal justice system. In addition the police, courts, and corrections also play an essential role ensuring justice. Recent and future trends will and have had direct effect functions of the criminal justice system, such as technology, sentencing policies, and death penalty. Technology has been recently affecting the criminal justice system and will continue to do so. In a new world technology is evolving each day and essential for the criminal justice system to keep up with the new changes. The new technology has created a whole new category for many levels of crimes, which investigation requires law enforcement to develop similar technological capabilities to stay ahead of future offenders. The new technology development has improved the law enforcement ability to identify and arrest guilty offenders as well as provide evidence that will enable the courts to prove the guilt of the offender. New information systems have improved the communication capabilities between the police and members of the public with better tools for their safety, such as the Amber Alert and the Adam Walsh Act are laws in effect across the United States and Canada. These programs help provide immediate information about child abductions to the public, enabling the entire community to assist with the law enforcement. The future technology capabilities of the criminal offender and the criminal justice will expand and develop. Criminals will take advantage of the new technologies to commit crimes in society and the criminal justice system will benefit from the new innovations by solving future crimes. The criminal justice system will improve their ability to share information and establish systems that will enable better integration of criminal justice databases. DNA is another new technology that has developed a major impact on the aspects of the criminal justice system. The discovery of DNA is a unique genetic code to identify individuals from blood, hair, and even fingerprint samples for solving crimes. Police investigators and forensic experts will be able to use this data in matching DNA found on the crime scene with the DNA of criminals and suspects (Erwin, 2011). Once the DNA has a match to a criminal suspect, the DNA used in the court process to prove the guilt of the offender to an almost 100% certainty. DNA technology has proven the identity and guilt of many offenders, which has affected the population of the correctional system. The DNA capability did improve the investigatory capabilities of the police and the criminal justice system because more criminal offenders are found guilty through the court system, and sent to prison to add to the population. The benefits of DNA outweigh any possible negatives when DNA may exonerate the innocent and identify the true criminal offender. DNA exonerations are unmistakably clear that mistaken identifications are more prevalent than generally perceived (Floyd, 2011). The ability to free an innocent person from an undeserving prison sentence is one of the greatest benefits of this new scientific discovery. The future technological DNA capabilities continue...
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