Criminal Justice Theory

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The Criminal Justice system has many issues that need to be addressed, for instance how the police uses racial profiling when it comes to making arrest, how the courts prosecute the defendants, how the prisoners are treated after they are sentenced, how they treat the mentally ill prisoners, especially the minorities. First of all the criminal justice system is not fair, the word fair is defined by Webster’s dictionary as marked by impartiality and honesty, free from self interest, prejudice and favoritism. All criminal justice processes are rooted in the criminal law, which influenced by ideology and politics, and which is tilted in favor of special interests. Ideological and political concerns drive criminal justice policy, meaning policies are typically created and supported to the degree they serve the moral and financial interests of those who propose and create them rather than the interests of society as a whole. This just shows that the criminal justice system is not objective. The criminal justices are plagued by many prejudices, meaning they are not just. The criminal justice system disproportionately hurt minorities more than whites. The attitude of the modern criminal justice system is hateful and is aimed at revenge, meaning that the justice system is not dispassionate. The criminal justice system is described as the interdependent components of the police, courts and correctional facilities within the federal government, as well as the agencies of criminal justice of each of the fifty states. The criminal justice system is made up of three parts, the police, courts, and correctional facilities; they are expected to work together as a whole. There common purpose is to reduce crime and do justice. When fighting crime to achieve justice the police, courts and corrections personnel should refrain from behaving in a way that might threaten justice as a process. Members of the

courtroom should act first as officers of the court, therefore not violating their commitment to the ethics of their profession. Judges also should be fair in administering sentences and should ensure that prosecutors and defense attorneys follow the law. Finally, correctional facilities should not permit offenders to be assaulted or unduly humiliated for the sake of the enjoyment or empowerment of their employees. Punishment should be administered humanely and fairly. Well, we all know that this does not take place. Let us look at how they label crimes, there are serious crimes such as homicides, forcible rape, aggravated assault, robbery, and arson to name a few then there are white-collar crimes or corporate crimes, which are viewed as less serious. Presumably, because it is assumed that they cause less physical and financial damage, they occur less frequently than street crimes and are less widespread. This is not true either; corporate crimes cause financial damage to the less fortunate. For example Enron, there employees were encouraged to invest their pension funds into Enron stock while top management was selling $1.2 billion in stock, lost more than $ 1.3 billion in retirement funds, and institutional investors, many of which were pension funds, seem to have lost a mind boggling $ 25 to $50 billion worth of retirement funds. Overall, investors lost about $63 billion. The employee’s loss all their money and now they are broke and have no pension funds for retirement. The criminal law is unjust because it ignores the most harmful acts against Americans and it does not hold the perpetrator accountable for their acts. Even though they went after these particular people, all they received was a slap on the wrist and nothing was done to get the employees their money back.

Innocent Bias in Policing
Since police investigate alleged crimes and are the primary entry point for cases into the criminal justice system, innocent bias continues with their activities. The main source of innocent bias in policing are...
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