Criminal Justice Systems

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The phrase criminal justice system refers to a collection of federal, state, and local public agencies that deal with the crime problem. These agencies process suspects, defendants, and convicted offenders. The Criminal Justice System is comprised of three sections, Police or Law enforcement Agencies, Courts, and Corrections. Without all three sections working together, the Criminal Justice System would not work. Police are public agencies whose purposes are to maintain order, enforce the criminal law, and provide services. Investigating crime and apprehending offenders is only one of several functions that the police perform. The functions of the police include providing basic social services, maintaining order, and controlling crime. The police help people who need emergency assistance, whether it is giving first aid or finding lost children. Typically, over fifty percent of the telephone calls to the police requesting assistance involve social service as compared with less than twenty percent relating to crime. In the area of crime control, the police engage in a range of activities, such as patrol and criminal investigation. According to the American Bar Association's Standards Relating to the Urban Police Function, there are eleven major responsibilities. Police or Law enforcement must, identify criminal offenders and criminal activity and, when appropriate, to apprehend offenders and participate in later court proceedings, reduce the opportunities for the commission of some crimes through preventive patrol and other measures, aid individuals who are in danger of physical harm, protect constitutional guarantees, facilitate the movement of people and vehicles, assist those who cannot care for themselves, resolve conflict, identify problems that are potentially serious law enforcement or government problems, create and maintain a feeling of security in the community, promote and preserve civil order, and provide other services on an emergency basis. The...
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