Criminal Justice System
Crime is a conduct in violation of the criminal laws of state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable jurisdiction or excuse (Schmalleger, 2009). The law affects our everyday lives. The law develops and establishes rules and guidelines that we, as society, must abide from. The main goal for the criminal justice system is to punish and prevent crimes. There are three components of the criminal justice. The very first components are the police. The police enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend offenders, reduce and prevent crime, maintain public order, ensure community safety, provide emergency and related community services, and protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals (Schmalleger, 2009). In my opinion, I feel that this is the most important component to the criminal justice system. This component is very important due to the fact that they are the ones who are enforcing the law, and if the criminals are not abiding by these rules, then it is their job to apprehend them and take them into custody and off these streets. The second components are the criminal courts. They conduct fair and impartial trials, decide criminal cases, ensure due process, determine guilt or innocence, impose sentences on the guilty, uphold the law, require fairness throughout the justice process, protect the rights and freedoms of anyone facing processing by the justice system, and provide a check on the exercise of power by other justice system agencies (Schmalleger, 2009). The criminals courts are the once who have the answer or the final say to what type of punishment the criminals will be sentenced. This component would be the one that serves justice to any victims or victims’ families, if any. The final component that creates the criminal justice system is the correctional agencies. They carry out...