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Criminal Justice Case Study

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Criminal Justice Case Study

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  • November 2009
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10/21/09
Crime= conduct that violates criminal law for which there is no legally accepted justification or excuse. The criminal law has to written in order to be violated
1850-1880 crime epidemic and social upheaval caused by immigration Prohibition yrs:
Widespread organized crime
1960-1970
War protests
Civil rights era increased concern for rights of women and ethnic racial minorities 70-80s
FBI data indicate a considerable increase in murders, rapes, and assults Americans demanded law and order
In contemporary American society there is a need to:
Create balance between individual rights and public order
Individual rights and public order
ACLU practice for individual rights
Individual rights advocates seek to protect personal freedoms and civil rights Public order
Society has a valid interest in preventing future crime in public safety Justice=principle of fairness, the idea of moral equity
Social justice embraces all aspects of civilized life and is linked to fundamental notions of fair and cultural beliefs of right and wrong Components of social justice
Civil justice
Deals with fairness in relationships between citizen’s government agencies and business in private matters Criminal justice
Concern for violations of the criminal law
3 components of criminal justice
Law enforcement
Courts
Corrections
10/26/09
3000 BC and before
No written history or rules
Only pictures and oral
Were tribes “civilization and villages?
Breaking rules
Would be punished upon breaking rules by: death banishment Retribution/eye for an eye
Monetary or physical
Babylonians
One of the 1st to develop an empire that had a king (Hammurabi) Code of law/1st system of justice and crime that was written Death being the primary punishment
Greeks/Romans
Greeks
1000 BC
Had written codes of justice
Developed democracy
Had officials that were involved with development...