Crime and Victimization
Assignment 1: Crime and Victimization
Professor Robert Hammes
Intro to Criminal Justice
July 25, 2013
Theories of victimization
The deviant place theory states “greater exposure to dangerous places makes one more likely to become the victim of a crime” (Seigel, 2006). Unlike the victim precipitation theory, the victims do not influence the crime by actively or passively encouraging it, but rather are victimized as a result of being in "bad" areas. In order to lower the chance that one will become the victim of a crime, the individual should avoid the "bad" areas of town in which crime rates are high. For example, South Central Los Angeles is notorious for its gangs, and high crime rate. The more an individual ventures into South Central, the more likely they are to become the victim of a crime there. Sociologist William Julius Wilson discusses the social and economic inequality that finds more minorities in the seat of the victim since more minorities are from low income households that are unable to move away from the crime than Caucasians (1990). Moreover, the deviant place theory suggests that taking safety precautions in these areas may be of little use since it is the neighborhood and not the lifestyle choices that affect victimization (Seigel, 2006). In a nutshell, if a neighborhood is "deviant," the only way to lower your risk of victimization is to leave the neighborhood for a less deviant, low crime rate area.
Jersey City, New Jersey, police maked arrests and recovered multiple weapons in overnight two phase mutli-agency operation including Hudson County sheriff office. The first phase of the sweep began at 4 p.m. yesterday when 45 plainclothes officers and supervisors fanned out across the city's south and west districts to conduct surveillance and gather information about criminal hot spots, officials said, adding that their findings led to 25 arrests on a number of charges...
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