Criminal Justice and Criminology

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A Comparative Study of the Fields of Criminal Justice and Criminology Austin Steers
Intro to Criminal Justice 1AH
Mr. Whitfield
Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana
February 27, 2013

In this paper I hope to explore the concept of the comparisons of the two different fields of criminal justice and criminology, and learn more about it myself. I plan to explore the history of both, and compare them primarily by that. Criminology as defined by Webster’s is the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement. The textbook defines criminal justice as the law of criminal procedure, and the array of procedures and activities having to do with the enforcement of this body of law. As anyone can tell you, crime has been along for as long as society has been. As long as there is an organized group of people such as a society or culture or anything, there will always be criminals. However, the study of crime truly didn’t even occur to people until the late 18th century. Crime was ignorantly just explained as the actions of sinners. After a very long time, scholars somehow distinguished the two from each other and began to explain crime; this created the scientific study of crime and began the era of classical criminology. That was the first of three separate but all important phases. The second phase began at some point in the 19th century is very frequently referred to as modern criminology. In this period, among the disciplines emerging as psychology, sociology, and economics, criminology really set itself apart as a subspecialty. The criminologists responsible for all of this began actually developing tests instead of depending on speculation and started to create theories with a much wider range. The third phase emerged more in the second half of the 20th century and has been best referenced as independent criminology. This is for a very good reason, as criminologists, whether purposefully or not, were able to set their discipline apart...
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