Criminal Justice

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1. Criminologists use scientific methods to study the nature, extent, cause, and control of criminal behavior. 2. Criminology is an academic discipline that makes use of scientific methods to study the nature, extent, cause, and control of criminal behavior. 3. Deviant behavior: departs from social norms

4. Criminologists who devise valid and reliable measures designed to calculate the amount and trends of criminal activity fall under which sub-area of the criminological enterprise? Criminal statistic and crime measurements 5. The sub-area of criminology concerned with the role social forces play in shaping criminal law and the role criminal law plays in shaping society is known as: the sociology of law 6. Research conducted on the links between different crimes and criminals is known as crime typology. 7. The consensus view of crime links illegal behavior to the concept of: social harm 8. The Code of Hammurabi established a system of crime and punishment based on physical retaliation. But, the severity of this physical retaliation depended upon one’s: class standing 9. Trials by ordeal were based on the principle that: divine forces would not allow an innocent person to be harmed 10. The branch of the law that defines crimes and their punishment is known as substantive law. 11. Crimes less serious in nature and punished with a fine or a period of incarceration in a jail are referred to as: misdemeanors 12. Criminal law is shaped by all but which of the following? Social control mechanisms 13. The intent to commit the criminal act is known as: mens rea 14. A battered wife who kills her mate might argue that she acted out of duress – committing her crime to save her own life. She would be using the defense of: justification 15. Murder, rape and other crimes deemed inherently evil are also referred to as mala in se crimes. 16. Statutory crimes are referred to as: mala prohibitum

17. College students who are drunk...
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