Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development into the Justice System Yvonne Constantine Strayer University Ethics and Leadership in Criminal Justice Professor Pionke November 18, 2012
KOHLBERG'S STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMET
Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development into the Justice System Justice is a concept of moral rightness based on ethics. Justice is fairness, and implemented in an attempt to protect society from the wrongs committed against members of the society. (Vogen, 2008, p.112). The concept of justice involves impartial treatment of all individuals with the highest quality of fairness. Justice and the social contract are a set of rules governing how people are to treat each other and most will agree to accept for their mutual benefit that others will follow these same rules (Atkinson, P. (2012). Retrieved from http:// ourcivilisation.com). The social contract theory is related to criminal justice in many ways. Individuals give up certain freedoms in order to receive protection from the state. We need the government which includes police officers, courts, and the system of corrections to apply and execute justice and the social contract to administer deserved punishment. In order for law enforcement to promote a universal definition of justice, police officers must possess the moral ability to lawfully enforce laws of the land and adhere to the honor of their department. Because police officers handle situations case by case, justice varies among individuals. Police officers have a considerable amount of control and may exercise their ability to determine how justice should be administered. Police officers purpose is to maintain order, enforce laws, prevent & control crime as well as cooperate with prosecutors by gathering evidence necessary to obtain convictions. Without an agreement lawlessness would reign and where would that leave justice? Kohlberg’s psychological study of moral behavior...