Crime Ethical Issues

Only available on StudyMode
  • Pages : 16 (4146 words )
  • Download(s) : 185
  • Published : April 25, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs

5HYLVHG  WK

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Alcohol and Crime
An Analysis of National Data on the Prevalence of Alcohol Involvement in Crime

2Q DQ DYHUDJH GD\ LQ  FRUUHFWLRQV DXWKRULWLHV VXSHUYLVHG DQ HVWLPDWHG  PLOOLRQ FRQYLFWHG RIIHQGHUV 1HDUO\  PLOOLRQ DERXW  KDG EHHQ GULQNLQJ DOFRKRO ZKHQ WKH\ FRPPLWWHG WKHLU FRQYLFWLRQ RIIHQVH &ULPLQDO MXVWLFH VWDWXV

7RWDO 3UREDWLRQ -DLO 3ULVRQ 3DUROH
$OFRKRO 'UXJV

.5

1

1.5

2

1XPEHU RI RIIHQGHUV LQ PLOOLRQV XVLQJ DOFRKRO RU GUXJV DW WKH WLPH RI WKH RIIHQVH

[LL

$OFRKRO DQG &ULPH

U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs

Alcohol and Crime
An Analysis of National Data on the Prevalence of Alcohol Involvement in Crime Prepared for the Assistant Attorney General’s National Symposium on Alcohol Abuse and Crime

April 5-7, 1998 Washington, D.C.

By Lawrence A. Greenfeld
Statistician Bureau of Justice Statistics

NCJ 168632

Alcohol and Crime i

U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics Jan M. Chaiken, Ph.D. Director This report was written by Lawrence A. Greenfeld, deputy director, Bureau of Justice Statistics. David Levin provided substantial assistance in the preparation and analysis of FARS data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; he also verified the report’s findings. Laura Maruschak provided assistance in the analysis of the 1996 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails. Cheryl Ringel verified the findings from the National Crime Victimization Survey. Tom Hester, Priscilla Middleton, Rhonda Keith, and Jayne Robinson designed and produced the report. Maureen Henneberg and Yvonne Boston reviewed the report. Marilyn Marbrook, assisted by Ms. Boston, prepared the report for printing. Data analyzed for this report can be obtained from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data 1-800-999-0690. Related reports, spreadsheets, graphs, and information, as well as the archive itself, can be accessed at the BJS Internet site: http//www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/

ii Alcohol and Crime

Foreword
The extensive and far-reaching impacts of alcohol abuse on crime and public safety are only now achieving widespread public policy attention. This report was prepared to provide statistical information as background for the Assistant Attorney General’s 1998 National Symposium on Alcohol Abuse and Crime, which will address many of these policy issues and discuss approaches that may help alleviate these problems. Based on this compilation and new analysis of data on alcohol and crime, we know that nearly 4 in 10 violent victimizations involve use of alcohol, about 4 in 10 fatal motor vehicle accidents are alcohol-involved; and about 4 in 10 offenders, regardless of whether they are on probation, in local jail, or in State prison, self-report that they were using alcohol at the time of the offense. There are, however, a number of positive indicators that alcohol-related crime is generally decreasing and that most of those in need of treatment are receiving it. Violence between current and former spouses, boyfriends, and girlfriends is especially likely to involve alcohol abuse, and all forms of violence against intimates, including homicide, have been declining in recent years. In addition, rates of arrest for DUI have declined by 24%

since 1990. During the last 10 years, the number of highway fatalities attributable to alcohol-related accidents has dropped by about 7,000 annually, a 29% decrease. This report uses a wide variety of sources, including statistical series maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. We are grateful for the cooperation of these agencies and also want to thank the many respondents to our surveys throughout the country. We anticipate that more on the issue of alcohol and...
tracking img