Crime & Deviance
Crime is actions which break the law in the country and individual is in or “crime refers to those actives that break the law of the land and are subject to official punishment.” (Haralambos and Holborn 2008). Deviance is closely related to crime but refers more to the cause of such crimes “deviance consists of those acts which do not follow the norms and expectations of a particular social group” (Haralambos and Holborn 2008). This essay will be discussing both crime and deviance in relations to the causes of this, specially biological theories which suggest that a criminals is predetermined by the genetics to be criminals and the opposite theory which is it’s , mental or psychological factors which cause crime and deviance, the essay also includes counter arguments to both these theories. Also being discussed will be crime statics and how accurate these are and some issues with these statistics and crime and the media will be discussed and the impact media has on the public perception of crime. Also the sociological theories of functionalism and Marxism will be discussed in particular, the functionalist perspective that deviance is essential to society and the Marxist view that deviance is a result of the economic environment.
Physiological or biological theory's is that some individuals are more likely to be involved in crime and deviance because of their genetic makeup and that they have inherited these qualities. Most of these theories were developed in 1800’s when some scientific explanations of crime and deviance were developed, one argument was that perpetrators of crime were more primitive humans and things such as large jaws and large ears could be indicators of criminals. Criticisms of these theories are with the development of science there are very limited scientific evidence of this theory. Another critique is that behaviour that may result from biological causes does not necessarily lead to criminal acts and their is...
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