This essay will focus on how crime and deviance is perceived by place, time and culture. It will also focus on the different methods to collect crime statistics and the strength and weaknesses of using official crime statistics.
Deviance is when a person breaks an unwritten rule of the society. That person will behave a way that is unusual or not expected in the society. A simple example might be a person can be used to swearing because his family does not mind him swearing but if he goes to another family which does not tolerate people who swear the people in the family might be affected with the swearing.
Crime is quit different to deviance and crime is mainly when someone breaks the law and the person will end up being arrested by the police or punished according to the crime the person has committed. Laws are written rules of the society and no one is allowed to break these rules.
When studying the society interactionism adopts an individual response. The Marxism, Functionalism and the area we live (ecology theory) explore the structural reasons as why someone would commit crime but the interactionism is different. Interactionism focuses more on the reason why a person commits an act of crime and the person. Human behavior is not controlled by social forces but it is created by members of the society and can therefore vary from culture to culture.
A simple example might be seeing a person walking in the street holding an assault rifle .this type of behavior is seen as wrong and unacceptable because it is dangerous and illegal. But if we see a police officer or soldier walking in the street holding a guy we interpret that behavior as normal or understandable because we assume that the police officer or soldier have a very good reason for acting both dangerously and illegal.
Blumer (1969) suggested that Interactionism is based on three central views. Firstly humans act towards things on the meaning that things have for them....