Abstract This paper will explore the fundamental justifications of punishment and their effect on society by rendering an opinion of how each type of punishment deters crime most effectively and if punishment ultimately provides any benefit to the offenders and society. Retribution is something done or given to somebody as punishment or vengeance for something he or she has done. Deterrence is restraining from taking action to discourage somebody from taking acting on or preventing something from happening, especially by making the person feel afraid or anxious. Rehabilitation is the process of helping an individual to return to normal life or by helping them to return to good health by providing training or therapy. Societal Protection is preventing, managing, and or overcoming situations that adversely affect people’s well being in society.
Keywords: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, societal protection, recidivism
Retribution and the Justification of its use as Punishment
Retribution as a form of punishment that requires the offender to bear the consequence of the crime with an equal share of suffering that has been subjected on the victim. An argument for retribution looks at the initial crime itself and bases the punishment on that act. In some parts of the world retributionist ideas still use an “eye for eye, tooth for a tooth”, formula of sentencing for punishment. Retribution justice is meant to place a limit on the amount of requital. The concept that the offender deserves punishment for the crime committed and that society must balance this by giving the criminal a punishment that fits the crime. Proportional retribution can include but is not limited to requiring the guilty to pay a fine, serve community service, jail sentence, or even execution for a capital crime offense.
Retribution justice usually...