Philosophies in Crime and Punishment
The extraordinary is something or someone that is beyond what is usual. In the novel Crime and Punishment Raskolnikov and other characters believe they are extraordinary and will not be punished for the crimes they commit. During the time of the novel in 1866, the extraordinary was a popular theory. The characters in this novel show many different sides to the philosophies of Hegel and Nietzsche and the theory of being extraordinary.
Many characters in the novel apply to the philosophy of Hegel. Hegel believed that if committing a crime benefited other people then it was justified. Raskolnikov fits Hegel’s theory because he believed that by killing the pawnbroker it would benefit the city as whole. He believed that she was causing poverty even more because she took every ones money. He did not think he did anything wrong. When Raskolnikov was thinking about confessing the crime, his excuse was that she was dishonest and just needed money. Luzhin also fits the Hegel philosophy. He wants to marry Dunya to help her out of poverty. That is a Hegel theory because he is benefiting Dunya and her family, not himself. Sonya is another person that can fit this theory because she prostitutes. She does not do it for the sake of getting money for herself; she does it to help out her own family. Nietzche believed that if you broke the law it was to benefit the person breaking the law. Raskolnikov also fit the Nietzche philosophy. Raskolnikov killed the pawnbroker’s sister in the benefit to himself because if she would have gotten away alive, she could have told on Raskolnikov. Towards the end of the book Raskolnikov realized his motive to kill the pawnbroker wasn’t really because she was dishonest, it was just to see if he could do it. Like Napoleon, Raskolnikov wanted to see if he could walk away from the murder without feeling bad. But Raskolnikov proved to himself that he was nothing like Napoleon because when mentioned about the...
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