Outlaw and Motorcycle Gangs (OMCGs)
What are Outlaw and Motor Cycle Gangs (OMCGs)?
OMCGs are organisations where the members of the organisation use the structure of a motor cycle club as a front for criminal activity. According to the ACC (Australian Crime Commission), OMCGs represent a ‘real and present danger to the Australian community’. Between October 2008 and March 2009, New South Wales alone has had 185 members of OMCGs charged with 527 offences. OMCGs work with strong and complex criminal networks that operate in many illicit markets throughout Australia. Their crimes are usually organised crimes which means that illegal activities they are involved with are usually organised by groups of criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating financial profit. Reports suggest that the groups’ main areas of criminal operations are manufacturing and distributing illicit drugs,
money laundering and extortion,
environmental crimes I.e. dumping of toxic waste
counterfeiting of money
Illegal bookmaking and gambling.
The most well-known organised crime groups in existence today are the Mafia, particularly the Sicilian and American Cosa Nostra, the Japanese Yakuza, the Chinese Triads and the Colombian drug cartels.
Legal and Non Legal Responses to the issue.Recent media attention direct to OMCG's following recent violent incidents like the Anthony Zervas case have lead to a numerous amount of unprecedented and legislative responses. In addition to the number or legal responses, responses from the public and interested groups have helped shape the approach towards OMCGs in Australia.
Legal responses for OMCG's are classified into three categories: enacting laws to prosecute individuals for the specific crimes that they have committed establishing police task forces or increasing police powers to gather intelligence on...