The purpose of this lesson is to provide students with a working definition of a thesis statement while also helping them acquire techniques that will aid them in constructing their own thesis statements.
List of Handouts
1. “Tips for Constructing a Thesis Statement”
2. “Identify the Problems in these Thesis Statements”
Length of Lesson
The lesson should take 20-30 minutes.
Variations for different disciplines
1. General mini-lesson
1. Developer Unknown
2. Part of this mini-lesson is adapted from St. Cloud State University’s Literacy Education Online “Thesis Statement” material (http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/thesistatement.html) 2. Revised by Jamie Aroosi, 11/03/2009
1. Discuss the characteristics of a good thesis statement (5 minutes). A sample script follows:
"A thesis statement is a single, complete sentence that succinctly expresses your view concerning a particular topic. It will generally be included in the introductory paragraph of your essay, and you must be sure that you can support the statement in the body of the essay.
To get a better understanding of what a thesis statement is, it helps to imagine it in the context of the paper writing process. During the research process, you will encounter a lot of information pertaining to your topic. The nature of this information will vary by discipline. For instance, it might be composed of data from a scientific experiment, it might be information from important texts within your discipline such as literary and cinematic works or philosophical treatises, or it might be composed of historical evidence. After you have uncovered this information (i.e., conducted the experiment, watched the film(s), read the book(s), spent time in the archives), your thesis statement will almost always be a direct answer to this question: what does this information mean? So, your thesis statement will be an interpretation or argument explaining the significance of this information, not a restatement of the actual information itself. Therefore, the main body of your essay will be your attempt to convince other people, by way of a more extended argument, that your interpretation of the information is correct. In this way, the information you initially uncovered will be transformed into evidence supporting your thesis."
2. Give students the first handout containing tips for constructing a thesis statement.
3. Work through good and bad thesis statements together with the students. (5-10 min.)
4. Give students the second handout containing problematic thesis statements in need of correction.
5. Have the students break into groups to correct the thesis statements. (5-10 min.)
6. Discuss the corrections as a class. (5 min.)
Tips for Constructing a Thesis Statement
• A thesis statement should not contain two conflicting ideas. If two ideas are in conflict, it is impossible to support them both.
• A thesis statement should never be so broad that it’s difficult to discuss all of the relevant information.
• A thesis statement is an assertion that requires evidence and support, not a universally agreed-upon fact or an observation.
A universally agreed-upon fact or an observation: People use many lawn chemicals.
Thesis: People are poisoning the environment with chemicals merely to keep their lawns green.
• A thesis takes a stand rather than announcing a subject.
Announcement: The thesis of this paper is the difficulty of solving our environmental problems.
Thesis: Solving our environmental problems is more difficult than many environmentalists believe.
• A thesis is the main idea, not the title. It must be a complete sentence that expresses in some detail what claim you plan to support.
Title: Social Security and Old Age
Thesis: Continuing changes in the...