THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Crime is an offense against the values system of a social and has always plagued every society in human history. It is a wrongdoing classified by the state or the parliament of the country or law of the land. The cost and effect of crime vary among the various segments of the population and touch almost everyone by some degree in general as the economic growth and development of countries changes. There is no doubt that crime conflicts enormous monetary and physiological cost on society.
Many contemporary macro-level theories of criminal behavior and empirical studies pf crime rates address the relationship between economic factor and crime. Relationship between economic circumstances such as wage inflation and unemployment to criminal activity is the main subject matter of this study.
Wage inflation and unemployment taken as predictors of crime rates. Unemployment and inflation are two intricately linked economic concept. In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time and it is also erosion in the purchasing power of money. And unemployment occurs when a person is able to and willing to work but currently without work. Unemployment is usually measured using the unemployment rate which is defined as the percentage of those in the labor for who are unemployed. One causes of unemployment is inflation. Over the years there has been a number of economists trying to interpret the relationship between the concepts of inflation and unemployment. This relationship is also known as the Phillips curve. Phillips curve is an inverse relationship between rate of unemployment and rate of increase in money wages. The higher the rate of unemployment, the lower the rate of wage inflation. In other words, there is a tradeoff between wage inflation and unemployment lead to a problem that individual do such a thing just to endure it. It means that if you are unemployed you will do anything to earn and to survive for everyday living. For this, some people tend to commit crimes especially crime against property.
It is a common observation of many countries that unemployment rates and all crime rates are positively associated but negatively in the wage inflation. It is more continues issue within this association means that unemployment causes crime. The determining factor for crime rates are wage inflation and unemployment. When inflation occurs, many people are employed that result to a lowest possible crime rates. But as unemployment occurs, there is a wage deflation that’s why people are committing different criminal activities.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The National Capital Region (NCR) is the center of Luzon, also called as Metro Manila, is often and considered as the political, economic, social and cultural center of Philippines. It is subdivided into 17 local government area- 16 cities and is municipalities. Metro Manila is composed of almost all the cultural groups of the Philippines. The principal Language used is tagalong with English as the secondary language.
Metro Manila is considered the country’s premiers business region with adequate facilities and services in transportation, housing and commercial infrastructure, communication, power supply and recreational facilities. It has world-class malls and commercial center. Its total land area of 6, 3610 sq. km includes residential, industrial, institutional and agricultural areas and unclassified public forests. In 2000, the regions population was 10, 492,000 which increases to more than 13 million during daytime due to a large workforce residing in the area residing in the area adjoining the metropolis but working in the city.
In the national capital region crime perceived as one of the problem in the area. Crime offers a way in which improvished people can obtain material goods that they cannot attain through legitimate means. Crime...