a guide for councils
Creating Garden Cities and Suburbs Today: A Guide for Councils © TCPA. Published March 2013 Town and Country Planning Association 17 Carlton House Terrace London SW1Y 5AS t: +44 (0)20 7930 8903 www.tcpa.org.uk
The TCPA is grateful for the generous support of the Lady Margaret Paterson Osborn Trust, David Lock Associates, First Ark Group, Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation, Mayfield Market Towns, Places for People, and The Land Trust.
The Lady Margaret Paterson Osborn Trust
The guide benefited from valuable contributions made by members of the project Steering Group, who gave time to share their practical experience and offer feedback. Members of the Steering Group are: Mary Parsons (Group Executive Director, Places for People), Will Cousins (Deputy Chairman, David Lock Associates), Stephen Heverin (Director of Investment, First Ark Group), Lee Newlyn (Director, Mayfield Market Towns), Euan Hall (Chief Executive, The Land Trust), John Lewis (Chief Executive, Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation), and Simon Leask (Head of ATLAS, HCA-ATLAS). Lord Matthew Taylor also provided valuable advice. The TCPA would also like to thank the councillors who provided quotes for use in the guide, and a number of Trustees of the Association for making available their insight and expertise. This report has been drafted by Kate Henderson and Katy Lock. The views expressed in the report are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Steering Group. Photographs Cover photograph: Letchworth Garden City. The TCPA is grateful for the use of photographs provided by David Lock Associates (page 18); East Hampshire District Council (page 19); First Ark Group (page 20); Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation (cover and page 12); LeFlic17images/Chris Gravett (www.leflic17images.com) (page 3); O&H Properties (pages 18 (with David Lock Associates) and 24); Places for People (top left on page 5 and page 17); and The Land Trust (page 26).
creating garden cities and suburbs today
a guide for councils
2 3 Foreword 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 2 2.1 2.2 3 3.1 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 7 7.1 7.2 8 8.1 8.2 9 9.1 9.2 Introduction Why Garden Cities and Suburbs? The aim of this guide The size and location of new communities Background The new world of planning and housing Policy drivers About Garden Cities Lessons from history Leading the way Making the case Pioneering local leadership Building consensus Planning ahead Going for growth Key design principles Masterplanning Unlocking land The value of land Facilitate and lead Partnership approaches Funding infrastructure Investing in the future Sharing risk and reward Making it happen Effective delivery Stewardship of local assets Next steps and useful resources Useful resources from the TCPA Signposts to further information
Creating Garden Cities and Suburbs Today: A Guide for Councils
We know that we will have to build homes to house the nation into the 21st century: the question is not whether we build but whether we have the determination to deliver high-quality communities that will stand the test of time. As councils and communities across the country know, the decisions we make about the built environment cannot easily be undone. In many areas a history of badly planned and poor-quality development, which has increased pressure on existing infrastructure, has resulted in a breakdown of community trust and a lack of local consensus about the need for new development, despite an escalating housing crisis. Understandably there is community resistance to yet more anonymous ‘bolt-on’ housing estates, and councils are often caught in the crossfire between local concerns, private sector ambitions and national requirements. These debates, which councils know only too well, rarely focus on either the scale of local housing...