Craigs Soil Mechanics

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Soil mechanics, Soil, Geotechnical engineering
  • Pages : 435 (143827 words )
  • Download(s) : 171
  • Published : March 19, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Craig’s Soil Mechanics

Craig’s Soil Mechanics

Seventh edition

R.F. Craig
Formerly Department of Civil Engineering University of Dundee UK

First published 1974 by E & FN Spon, an imprint of Chapman & Hall Second edition 1978 Third edition 1983 Fourth edition 1987 Fifth edition 1992 Sixth edition 1997 Seventh edition 2004 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Spon Press 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001 This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005. “To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.”

Spon Press is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group ª 1974, 1978, 1983, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2004 R.F. Craig All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Craig, R.F. (Robert F.) [Soil mechanics] Craig’s soil mechanics / R.F. Craig. — 7th ed. p. cm. Second ed.: Soil mechanics / R.F. Craig. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1978. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0–415–32702–4 (hb.: alk. paper) — ISBN 0–415–32703–2 (pbk.: alk. paper) 1. Soil mechanics. I. Title: Soil mechanics. II. Craig, R.F. (Robert F.) Soil mechanics. III. Title. TA710.C685 2004 624.10 5136—dc22 2003061302 ISBN 0-203-49410-5 Master e-book ISBN

ISBN 0-203-57441-9 (Adobe eReader Format) ISBN 0–415–32702–4 (hbk) ISBN 0–415–32703–2 (pbk)

Contents

Preface 1 Basic characteristics of soils 1.1 The nature of soils 1.2 Particle size analysis 1.3 Plasticity of fine soils 1.4 Soil description and classification 1.5 Phase relationships 1.6 Soil compaction Problems References Seepage 2.1 Soil water 2.2 Permeability 2.3 Seepage theory 2.4 Flow nets 2.5 Anisotropic soil conditions 2.6 Non-homogeneous soil conditions 2.7 Transfer condition 2.8 Seepage through embankment dams 2.9 Grouting 2.10 Frost heave Problems References Effective stress 3.1 Introduction 3.2 The principle of effective stress 3.3 Response of effective stress to a change in total stress 3.4 Partially saturated soils 3.5 Influence of seepage on effective stress Problems References

viii 1 1 6 7 9 17 21 28 29 30 30 31 37 42 49 52 53 55 66 66 67 70 71 71 71 74 79 80 88 90

2

3

vi

Contents

4 Shear strength 4.1 Shear failure 4.2 Shear strength tests 4.3 Shear strength of sands 4.4 Shear strength of saturated clays 4.5 The critical-state concept 4.6 Residual strength 4.7 Pore pressure coefficients Problems References 5 Stresses and displacements 5.1 Elasticity and plasticity 5.2 Stresses from elastic theory 5.3 Displacements from elastic theory Problems References 6 Lateral earth pressure 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Rankine’s theory of earth pressure 6.3 Coulomb’s theory of earth pressure 6.4 Application of earth pressure theory to retaining walls 6.5 Design of earth-retaining structures 6.6 Gravity walls 6.7 Embedded walls 6.8 Braced excavations 6.9 Diaphragm walls 6.10 Reinforced soil Problems References 7 Consolidation theory 7.1 Introduction 7.2 The oedometer test 7.3 Consolidation settlement: one-dimensional method 7.4 Settlement by the Skempton–Bjerrum method 7.5 The stress path method 7.6 Degree of consolidation 7.7 Terzaghi’s theory of one-dimensional consolidation 7.8 Determination of coefficient of consolidation 7.9 Correction for construction period 7.10 Numerical solution 7.11 Vertical drains Problems References

91 91 94 102 106 118 125 127 133 135 136 136 144 155 159 160 161 161 162 176 184 185 187 195 212 215 217 221 225 227 227 227 235 237 243 244...
tracking img