Coverage of Nigerian Women in Politics

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COVERAGE OF NIGERIAN WOMEN IN POLITICS (CASE STUDY OF SELECTED NEWSPAPERS) By Ejem Agwu

ABSTRACT

This study examines the Nigerian press coverage of Nigerian women in politics. It highlights the extent of coverage by Nigerian newspapers of the role of women in polities, and the increasing contributions of women to the nation’s political development. Typical of this kind of study, content analysis research method was used as I content analyzed three National Newspapers in Nigeria – This Day, Vanguard and Champion Newspapers, and coded their reportage of women in politics in terms of regularity, depth, placement, etc. using simple percentage/frequency tables to answer the given research questions and Chi-square contingency analysis, the study found that the media do not fully pay attention to the contribution of women in the Nigerian political process. We also found that women are grossly under-reported in Nigeria press, as opposed to their male counterparts. The Nigerian press gives the impression that women are less involved in active politics than they really are.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Pages Title page i
Certification ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv
Abstract v
Table of contents vi-vii

CHAPTER ONE
1.1Introduction1-4
1.2Background of study 4-7
1.3Statement of the problem7-8
1.4Purpose/objectives of the study8-9
1.5Research questions9
1.6Research hypothesis9
1.7Significance of study10
1.8Scope of study10
1.9Operational/conceptual Definition of Terms10-11

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0Introduction12
2.1The role of the press in society12-15
2.2The role of women in society15-17
2.3Ways women are viewed in the society17-18
2.4Women participation in politics18-26
2.5Women in the media 27-29
2.6Media coverage of women politicians29-34
2.7Theoretical framework34-40

CHAPTER THREE
METHODOLOGY
3.1Research methodology41-42
3.2Study population42-44

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION
4.1Answer to Research questions 45-51
4.2Test of Hypothesis 52-57

CHAPTER FIVE
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1Summary of Findings58-59
5.2Conclusion 60-61
5.3Recommendation 61-63
Reference 64-65

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Women all over the world have been experiencing different forms of exploitation in the Bible, the Book of Genesis. The Lord said

“I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception.
In sorrow thou shall bring forth children; and thy desire
shall be to thy husband, and he shall role over thee
”Gen. 3:16 (King James Version).

The above quotation has been regarded as a mythological justification of the position of women in the society. Women have since faced male domination at all level (Haralambos & Holborn 1995 p.92)

Politics is an important part of everyday life. Little wonder, Aristotle, one of the greatest philosophers and social thinkers of all time, describes man as a “political animals”, obviously referring to man’s insatiable desire and quest for power and influence in society. As a function of governance, politics provides the frame work for social and political order, while at the same time, serving as a means for a society to carve out its identity. In view of the above, it is, therefore, logical to submit that politics is as much a function of the men in a society as the women. Nonetheless, it is disheartening to note that in terms of the delineation of political roles in the society, women have suffered a great deal of disenfranchisement. Social and gender note stereotypes have all but ensured that which men assume the role of...
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