Court Structure

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Court structure, Federal Courts jurisdiction and State Courts involvement. Marilian Ramirez
PL222 F12
Professor Q
December 9, 2012

2

ABSTRACT.
There are two types of courts in the United States Court systems. The reason for the United States to have a two court system is because the U.S Constitution set it that way under the governmental structure known as Federalism. This was created to provide that no power be higher than another and although the federal government is supreme in regards to the powers expressly delegated to them, the state remains supreme in regards to cases delegated in state courts.

There are two types of courts in the United States Court System these being the federal courts and state courts. The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land in the United States. It creates a federal system of government in which power is shared between the federal government and the state governments. Due to federalism, both the federal government and each of the state governments have their own court systems (uscourts.gov). The Federal Courts can be described as follows as the Article III courts as they actually derive their power from Article III of the Constitution and are broken down to;

1. the U.S District Courts,
2. the U.S Circuit Courts of Appeal,
3. the U.S Supreme Court and two special courts;
a) the U.S Court of Claims, and
b) The U.S Court of International Trade.
There are 94 U.S District courts; there is at least one district court per state. These courts are considered courts of original jurisdiction and are also known as trial courts; all litigations start in these courts. California has up to 4 district courts, and each court have from 2-28 judges. There are 13 courts of appeal in the U.S Circuit of Appeal; the courts of appeal are divided into twelve regional circuits and sit in different cities. The thirteen court of appeals sits in Washington. In criminal cases were a party might be dissatisfied with the outcome or...
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