Court Organization and Administration

Topics: Trial court, Court, State court Pages: 5 (2067 words) Published: March 7, 2013
Texlexia Waller
November 18, 2012

Court Organization and Administration would be the first problem to address. The reason for this to be the first is because it’s so important to have the courts and administration all on one accord. Courts are highly regulated organizations, adhering to a set of abstract rules and procedures set forth in either civil rules of procedure or criminal rules of procedure. There is a dual court system in the U.S. This dual court system consists of federal courts and state courts. Within both the federal and state court systems, there are different levels of courts, each having a particular type of jurisdiction over certain matters and issues (Courts). In the federal system, the court structure is dominated by the U.S. Supreme Court, which is often termed the court of last report. Beneath the Supreme Court are 13 circuit courts of appeal and over 500 U.S. district courts, which are basic federal trial courts. The lowest levels of federal courts are the courts of U.S. magistrates, where minor crimes are processed (Courts). State courts are structured similarly, where supreme courts function to resolve all matters relevant to each state. All states have appellate courts and basic trial courts which are known by different names, depending upon the jurisdiction we are examining (Courts). All federal and state trial courts have courtroom work groups, consisting of judges; prosecutors; defense counsel; court reporters; bailiffs; and court clerks. Judges, prosecutors, and defense counsel are expected to adhere to codes of ethics, which regulates their conduct such that they should avoid the appearance of impropriety. Both the federal and the state court systems are adversarial. A prosecutor's primary objective is to obtain convictions against defendants; defense counsel, however, attempts to win acquittals for their clients (Courts).

Employee morale is the total outlook if employees in the work environment; the attitude, the satisfaction, and the emotions. Employee creates the unifications and functionality in the work environment. The productivity in the workplace is measured by employee morale. When employees are satisfied their morale is positive. Low employee morale is caused by dissatisfied employees and a lack of communication (Employee morale, n.d.). There are three steps that can keep organizations on tract, improve morale and promote productivity in the court system. Employees wills start to feel optimistic and happy instead of always feeling disappointed, angry, and unappreciated. Maintaining momentum, communications, and making progress is the goal. The first stage to lifting morale is to listen. Learning the concerns and needs of each court will help to start a flow in communication. Feedback is also vital so the other department know that their information and ideas are important and their work is valued (Czinege, 2012.). The second stage is communication. Building a shared understanding and having common goals is very important. Each court is backup and they can work together to get cases on the dockets. The most important cases should be handled first and the lesser cases handled last (Czinege, 2012.). A lack of communication creates barriers, distrust, and rumors. Credibility can be given to false information if they are not addressed. Open communication creates positive morale (Hartman, 2003.). The third stage is to recognize any accomplishments and success. The main focus should be on quick wins and accomplishments that are made by the courts individually. Negativity is in the air, personal issues and conflict in the courts can cause non-corporation within the courts. Member of the court systems should have initiatives to keep them motivated after winning a case or meeting a certain quota in the courts. Public recognition can also help encourage and motivate the employees to push for further success (Czinege, 2012.).

How would you respond to the turnover problem?
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