Court History and Purpose Cja/224

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Court History and Purpose
ShaRhonda Washington
CJA/224
April 5, 2012
Kenneth Overwater, J.D.

Court History and Purpose
People in the United States attend court every day for different reasons. Those reasons could be for traffic violations, civil law suits, or for unlawful criminal acts. No matter what they are all handled and disputed in a court of law. Courts are empowered to make fair and binding decisions upon the facts that are received. There are two types of courts; civil court and criminal court. Civil courts handle resolutions between private parties and usually consist of one party suing the other for some type of monetary damages. Criminal courts on the other hand, try alleged offenders for suspected crimes committed, whereas the end result is either freedom for the offender or a prison cell. A court is part of the judicial branch of government which defendants go before a judge and their peers to defend their innocence of a crime or accusation they allegedly committed. The general purpose of a court is to settle disputes in a civilized manner. The basis of the court system consists of four major components which are to uphold the law, protect individuals, resolve disputes, and reinforce social norms. These four components are practiced throughout the dual court system. The history and structure of the United States Court System is also known as the dual court system. It is consisted of two types of courts; the state court system and the federal court system. Although the dual court system separates federal and state courts, at times some federal and state statues tend to overlap, depending on certain criminal acts committed. The State Court system today has derived from those colonial days, but with more structure. A typical state court system consists of the following starting at the bottom: Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction aka lower courts or misdemeanor courts are made up of the Justice of the Peace and Police Magistrates Courts,...
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