Court History and Purpose

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Court History and Purpose
Brandon Vines
CJA/224
September 23, 2012
David Bass

The court plays a very critical role in American Criminal Justice. Without the development of courts, those who violate the law would face no penalty and would commit crimes and walk free. In this paper I will evaluate and examine the American Criminal court system. I will describe the court and the purpose that it serves as so I will also define the dual court system. I will also describe the role that early legal codes, the common law and the precedent played in the development of courts.

[The court represents the collective conscience of society, serving as an instrument for Expressing the revulsion people feel for those who commit particularly heinous crimes. Because they are given the task of punishing wrongdoers, courts serve as an agency of social control, determining which behaviors may be acceptable and which deserve severe sanction] (Siegel, Schmalleger, & Worrall, 2011, p. 3). Courts play such a critical role simply because they determine what should happen to those who violate the law. There is a criminal court, and there is a civil court. Civil courts deal with private party issues, whereas criminal courts try suspected offenders (Siegel, Schmalleger, & Worrall, 2011). In court, cases are handled differently than others. A person who creates a more serious offense will receive more harsh consequences in court as compared to a person who faces a less serious crime.

Furthermore, a dual court system separates federal and state courts. The dual court system makes up the judicial branch of Government. The benefit of possessing a dual court system is so that the court system can move, and operate in a timely matter. If there was only one level of the court system, many cases would not be heard and the process would not be as smooth as it is now. It is easier to have a balance of court systems than to have one court handling every matter, big or small. If...
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