Bernard J Wyant Jr.
This research paper is being submitted on March 10, 2013, for Tiffany Krogman, A340/ACG3085 Section 03, Advanced Auditing Concepts & Standards.
Financial Statements Prepared using Chinese and GAAP Standards Kobyashi Maru prepares two sets of financial statements; one set using Chinese standards and GAAP (as meager as those standards may be) and the other for use in the US attempting to conform to U.S. GAAP. The Chinese financials contain a single footnote describing the accounting principles used in the original books of entry. In the United States, the public capital markets are regulated primarily by the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), a national government agency. The law gives the SEC the authority to prescribe the form and content of financial statements filed with the Commission. Historically, the Commission has looked to the private sector to develop financial reporting standards, though the Commission does prescribe financial statement presentation formats and disclosures and, sometimes, accounting recognition and measurement principles as well. The SEC oversees more than 30,000 registrants including 12,000 public companies, 4,600 mutual funds, 11,300 investment advisers, 600 transfer agencies, and 5,500 broker dealers. [2008 Data] Approximately 1,150 of the 12,000 companies registered with the SEC are non-US companies. A foreign registrant may submit financial statements that conform to US GAAP or (starting 4 March 2008) financial statements that conform to International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the IASB (that is, not jurisdictional adaptations of IFRSs), without need to provide a reconciliation to US GAAP. Alternatively, a foreign registrant may submit financial statements prepared using its national GAAP or using a jurisdictional adaptation of IFRSs (such as IFRSs as adopted by the EU), but then a reconciliation of...