Факультет иностранных языков
Кафедра романо-германских языков
СТИЛИСТИКА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
METONYMY AND ITS TYPES
Студент группы 1Б-11
Сумзин Павел Михайлович
к.ф.н., доцент кафедры
Абрамова Анжелика Геннадьевна
г. Чебоксары – 2012 г.
CHAPTER 1. METONYMY AND ITS TYPES5
Metonymy is an important means for people to know the world and enrich the language; and it is a way of thinking used widely in people’s daily life. The research of metonymy has a history of more than two thousand years, and its study develops from traditional rhetorical research to modern cognitive research. Rhetoricians and linguists have taken it for granted for a long time that metonymy is a figurative language. It is claimed that metonymy operates on names of things; it involves the substitution of name of one thing for that of another and the two things are somehow associated. The cognitive view of metonymy makes different assumptions from the traditional opinions. Metonymy is believed to be a conceptual phenomenon; it is an important means for people to know the world and enrich the language; and it is a way of thinking used widely in people’s daily life. The study of metonymy from the cognitive view is a great help for people to understand the cognitive and conceptual nature of metonymy, and it will shed new light on the English vocabulary teaching. The interaction of the meaning of words for the creation of artistic images has been studying for a long time in stylistics under the name “trope”. A trope is a lexical figurative-expressive means in which a word or a word combination is used in the transformed meaning. Tropes as figurative-expressive means of language have drawn attention since the times of a classical antiquity and in details were described in rhetoric, poetics and other humanities. The essence of tropes consists of comparison of the concept submitted in the traditional use of a lexical unit, and the concept transmitted by the same unit in a work of art performing special stylistic functions. Tropes play an important (though an auxiliary) role in the interpretation of a text, but, certainly, the stylistic analysis should result in synthesis of any text and cannot be only the recognition of tropes in any way. The subject of our research is metonymy. The object of our research is stylistic devices of the English language. The purpose of our research work to define metonymy, to consider its different types and find the examples. The material and the results of the given work can serve the material for theoretical courses of lexicology, stylistics, and typology as well as can be used for practical lessons in translations, home reading, conversational practice and current events. Our work consists of introduction, two chapters and conclusion. In the first chapter we consider metonymy and its types. In the second chapter we consider practical using of metonymy.
CHAPTER 1. METONYMY AND ITS TYPES
The traditional definitions of metonymy are carried out under the assumption that metonymy is a figurative device to provide some charm and grandeur to the style, and, the researchers are all defined to the lexical level yet without treating it as a phenomenon in everyday language and normal modes of thinking. It is believed that most of the basic insights into the tropes of metonymy started from Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, who subsumed metonymy and synecdoche under...