Country I Want to Visit

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One of the dreams of my life has been to see Egypt, the land of romance and mystery, and of the most ancient civilizations in the world. Geographically, the country of Egypt is remarkable, as being the creation of a single river. It is a long and comparatively narrow valley, shut in on both sides by low barren cliffs, beyond which is the hot sandy desert. And this valley would itself be an inhabitable desert, but for the River Nile which, rising in the Abyssinian mountains in the south, runs through it for hundreds of miles till it spreads out into the many streams which forms the famous Delta (so called because the land watered by these mouths of the Nile is the shape of the Greek letter Delta a triangle), and empties itself into the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt, which has scarcely any rainfall, depends entirely on the Nile for its fertility, or rather upon the strange annual rise of the Nile. Once every year, when the snows melt in the Abyssinian mountains, the river rises and overflows its banks, flooding the whole country. When the waters retire again to their usual channel, they have left a rich deposit of fertile mud, which gives the Egyptian Fellaheen, or farmers, abundant crops. The annual rise of the Nile is to the Egyptian cultivators what the monsoon is to the Indian Zamindars; and the failure of the Nile to rise high enough is attended with the same disaster as the failure of the monsoon in India, namely famine. Or rather, it used to be; for the British engineers, by their wonderful dams, preserve the Nile water for lean years, as in India they have saved Punjab from famine by their marvelous irrigation works. But the chief interest of Egypt lies in its remarkable history and its wonderful archaeological remains. Owing partly to the dry climate, and partly to the ancient Egyptian method of burying their dead, more remains of the ancient civilization of Egypt exist than of any other country. The ancient tombs, with their walls covered with beautiful...
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